Evidence-based review and assessment of botulinum neurotoxin for the treatment of adult spasticity in the upper motor neuron syndrome: Esquenazi A et al.


Volume 67, 1 June 2013, Pages 115-128
Alberto Esquenazi  a,*,
Alberto Albanese  b,
Michael B. Chancellor  c,
Elie Elovic  d,
Karen R. Segal  e,
David M. Simpson  f, 
Christopher P. Smith g,
Anthony B. Ward  h


a  MossRehab & Albert Einstein Medical Center, 60 Township Line Rd., Elkins Park, PA 19027, USA
b  Istituto Nazionale Neurologico Carlo Besta, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta,Via G. Celoria, 1120133 Milano, MI, Italy
c  Oakland University, William Beaumont School of Medicine, Department of Urology, William Beaumont Hospital, 3535 W.13 Mile Rd. #404, Royal Oak, MI 48073, USA
d  Salt Lake City, UT, USA
e  10 West 66 Street, New York, NY 10023, USA
Clinical Neurophysiology Laboratories, Neuromuscular Division, Neuro-AIDS Program, Mount Sinai Medical Center,One Gustave Levy Place, Box 1052, New York, NY 10029, USA
g  Scott Department of Urology, Baylor College of Medicine, 6620 Main Street, Suite 1325, Houston, TX 77030, USA
North Staffordshire Rehabilitation Centre, Haywood Hospital/University Hospital on North Staffordshire, Hartshill Rd.,Stoke on Trent ST4 7PA, United Kingdom