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Can botulinum toxin type A injection technique influence the clinical outcome of patients with post-stroke upper limb spasticity? A randomized controlled trial comparing manual needle placement and ultrasound-guided injection techniques: Santamato A et al.

 

 

Andrea Santamato a,,
Maria Francesca Micello 
a,
Francesco Panza 
b,c,d,⁎⁎,
Francesca Fortunato 
e,
Alessio Baricich f,
Carlo Cisari 
f ,
Albero Pilotto d,g, 
Giancarlo Logroscino b,c,
Pietro Fiore h,
Maurizio Ranieri a

 

Author Details
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Section, OORRHospital, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy
b  Neurodegenerative Disease Unit, Department of Basic Medicine, Neuroscience, and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy
c  Department of Clinical Research in Neurology of the University of Bari Aldo Moro, Pia Fondazione Card G. Panico, Tricase, Lecce, Italy
d  Geriatric Unit & Laboratory of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Department of Medical Sciences, IRCCS Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza, San Giovanni Rotondo, Foggia, Italy
e  Sector of Hygiene, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Department of Health Sciences, University of Eastern Piedmont, Novara, Italy
Geriatrics Unit, Azienda ULSS 16 Padova, S. Antonio Hospital, Padova, Italy
Department of Basic Medicine, Neuroscience, and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy